November 04, 2005 22:16:55
The Madurese originate from the 5,304 square kilometer
Madurese migrants in Indonesian cities are easily identified because they stay exclusively in their own areas, maintaining their language and customs. The Madurese are Muslims and are notable in their adherence to their religious leaders or kiyai (Islamic clerics), who also become their informal political and social leaders. The kiyai have an elevated status for Madurese. The fanatical supporters from East Java
Madurese men are protective of their women, and should their wife or girlfriend suffer an offense from another man, then the Madurese man must settle it by carok (a life and death duel) using a clurit (a 30- to 40-centimeter half-circle knife). Madurese men must master carok as a martial art. Those who fully master this martial art are called orang jago and given blater (brave man) status. Traditional music and dances (remo) are regularly held in Madurese society to formally honor members of the blater group.
Migrant Madurese are usually small traders. In west and central
Wiyata, A. Latief. (2001) "Carok: Institusionalisasi Kekerasan Dalam Masyarakat Madura" (Carok: Institutionalization of Violence in Madurese Society). Ph.D. diss.
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